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Afghanistan is a republic in south-western Asia, bordered on the north by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan; on the east by China and the part of the disputed territory of Jammu and KashmÓr controlled by Pakistan; on the south by Pakistan; and on the west by Iran. Afghanistan was a monarchy from 1747 to 1973, when the king was overthrown by military officers and the country was proclaimed a republic; the republic dissolved in 1992 as the country erupted in civil war. Afghanistan lies across ancient trade and invasion routes from Central Asia into India. This position has been the greatest influence on its history because the invaders often settled there. Today the population includes many different ethnic groups. Most of the present borders of the country were drawn up in the 19th century, when Afghanistan became a buffer state, or neutral zone, between Russia and British India. K‚bul is the capital and largest city
Amendments  

08 Apr 2018

Photros Air was a cargo carrier based out of Kabul Khwaja Rawash International (KBL) in the mid-2000s [updated]

23 Jan 2018

Kam Air suspended all operations after a tragic and violent attack on the Intercontinental Hotel in Bagh-e-Bala section of Kabul. 11 crew member were killed by the Taliban who stormed the hotel on 21Jan2018 [updated]

14 Oct 2017

East Horizon Airlines started its cargo operations Dec2013. Ceased operations in Mar2017 [status change]

Afghan Jet International  last update: 12Apr2018

Status : Inactive

Dates :

2014 - 2016*
Airline Code : HN : AJI
Genealogy : Nil tree
Comments : Afghan Jet International was founded in 2013 & commenced operations on 12Apr2014 and served domestic destinations from its base at Hamid Karzai International Airport. Ceased operations
Aircraft : Bombardier CRJ-200LR, B.737-300

Ariana Afghan Airlines   

Status : Active

Dates :

1956 - date
Airline Code : FG : AFG
Genealogy : Aryana Airlines >Ariana Afghan Airlines >>Bakhtar Afghan Airlines >>Ariana Afghan Airlines
Comments : ARIANA was formed as ARYANA AIRLINES on 27Jan1955 by India's Indamer. Renamed to current name in 1956. Took over BAKHTAR ALWATANA in 1988. National carrier of Afganistan offering scheduled services, both domestic and international out of Kabul Airport. Ceased operating after Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in New York and it's consequential attack on Afghanistan. Restarted operations in early 2002 with help from Air India
Aircraft : Nil at this time

Aryana Airlines   

Status : Renamed / merged

Dates :

1955 - 1956
Airline Code : -- : ---
Genealogy : Aryana Airlines >Ariana Afghan Airlines >>Bakhtar Afghan Airlines >>Ariana Afghan Airlines
Comments : ARIANA was formed as ARYANA AIRLINES on 27Jan1955 by India's Indamer. Renamed to current name in 1956. Took over BAKHTAR ALWATANA in 1988. National carrier of Afganistan offering scheduled services, both domestic and international out of Kabul Airport. Ceased operating after Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in New York and it's consequential attack on Afghanistan. Restarted operations in early 2002 with help from Air India
Aircraft : Nil at this time

Bakhtar Afghan Airlines  last update: 13Mar2018

Status : Renamed / merged

Dates :

1985 - 1988
Airline Code : -- : ---
Genealogy : Bakhtar Alwatana >Bakhtar Afghan Airlines >>Ariana Afghan Airlines
Comments : Bakhtar Afghan Airlines was formed as Bakhtar Alwatana & commenced operations in 1967. Renamed in 1985 - [ARIANA was formed as ARYANA AIRLINES on 27Jan1955 by India's Indamer. Renamed to current name in 1956. Took over BAKHTAR ALWATANA in 1988. National carrier of Afganistan offering scheduled services, both domestic and international out of Kabul Airport. Ceased operating after Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in New York and it's consequential attack on Afghanistan. Restarted operations in early 2002 with help from Air India]
Aircraft : An-24RV | An-26 | B.727-100 | Yak-40

Bakhtar Alwatana   

Status : Renamed / merged

Dates :

1967 - 1985
Airline Code : -- : ---
Genealogy : Bakhtar Alwatana >Bakhtar Afghan Airlines >>Ariana Afghan Airlines
Comments : Bakhtar Afghan Airlines was formed as Bakhtar Alwatana & commenced operations in 1967. Renamed in 1985 [ARIANA was formed as ARYANA AIRLINES on 27Jan1955 by India's Indamer. Renamed to current name in 1956. Took over BAKHTAR ALWATANA in 1988. National carrier of Afganistan offering scheduled services, both domestic and international out of Kabul Airport. Ceased operating after Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in New York and it's consequential attack on Afghanistan. Restarted operations in early 2002 with help from Air India]
Aircraft : Nil at this time

Balkh Airlines (i)  last update: 2017

Status : Inactive

Dates :

1996 - 1997
Airline Code : -- : BHI
Genealogy : Nil tree
Comments : Formed by Christopher Barret-Jolley in conjunction with Rashid Dostum, Afghan warlord of Mazar-I-Sharif. Ceased operations when Dostum fled to Iran.
Aircraft : Nil at this time

Balkh Airlines (ii)   

Status : Inactive

Dates :

2005* - 2006*
Airline Code : -- : ---
Genealogy : Nil tree
Comments : No further information at this time
Aircraft : Nil at this time

Bamiyan Airlines  last update: 24Feb2018

Status : Inactive

Dates :

1997 - 1997
Airline Code : -- : ---
Genealogy : Nil tree
Comments : Bamiyan Airlines ceased operations in Sep1997
Aircraft : Fairchild FH-227E

East Horizon Airlines  last update: 14Oct2017

Status : Inactive

Dates :

2013 - 2017
Airline Code : EA : EHN
Genealogy : Nil tree
Comments : East Horizon Airlines was formed in 2013 & started its cargo operations with flights between Faryab and Hera in Dec2013. Ceased operations in Mar2017
Aircraft : Nil at this time

Kabul Air   

Status : Status unknown

Dates :

2007 - 2008*
Airline Code : -- : KBL
Genealogy : Nil tree
Comments : Kabul Air was formed in 2006
Aircraft : Nil at this time

Kam Air (KamAir)  last update: 23Jan2018

Status : Inactive

Dates :

2003 - 2018
Airline Code : RQ : KMF
Genealogy : Nil tree
Comments : The airline was founded on 31 August 2003 by Zmarai Kamgar. It was the first privately owned passenger airline in Afghanistan. Its first flight took off on 08Nov2003 on a route from Kabul to Herat and Mazari Sharif. Kam Air suspended all operations after a tragic and violent attack on the Intercontinental Hotel in Bagh-e-Bala section of Kabul. 11 crew member were killed by the Taliban who stormed the hotel on 21Jan2018 (International and domestic scheduled services out of Kabul International) < Aircraft Past or Present: B.727, B.737-200, MD.80. B.737-500, B.737-800, B.767-200, MD.87 >
Aircraft : Nil at this time

Kam Cargo   

Status : Not launched

Dates :

(2010)
Airline Code : -- : ---
Genealogy : Nil tree
Comments : No further information at this time
Aircraft : Nil at this time

Khyber Afghan Airlines  last update: 2017

Status : Active

Dates :

2001* - date
Airline Code : -- : KHY
Genealogy : Nil tree
Comments : Khyber Afghan Airlines was founded in 2001 (It is a cargo airline based at Jalalabad Airport)
Aircraft : Nil at this time

MarcoPolo Airways  last update: 24Feb2018

Status : Inactive

Dates :

2003 - 2003
Airline Code : -- : MCP
Genealogy : Nil tree
Comments : MarcoPolo Airways was formed in 2003 but only flew 2 effective flights to Dubai on 11 and 14Dec2003. No other flights and company closed in Jan2004 < Aircraft utilised: L-1011-200 Tristar >
Aircraft : Nil at this time

Oxus Air   

Status : Not launched

Dates :

(2015)
Airline Code : -- : ---
Genealogy : Nil tree
Comments : Oxus Air - unsure of details as yet
Aircraft : Nil at this time

Pamir Airways   

Status : Inactive

Dates :

1995 - 2011
Airline Code : NR : PIR
Genealogy : Nil tree
Comments : Pamir Airways was founded in 1995
Aircraft : Nil at this time

Photros Air  last update: 08Apr2018

Status : Inactive

Dates :

2006 - 2007
Airline Code : -- : KHP
Genealogy : Nil tree
Comments : Photros Air was a cargo carrier based out of Kabul Khwaja Rawash International (KBL)
Aircraft : Ilyushin Il-76-TD

Safi Airways  last update: 2017 x2

Status : Restarting

Dates :

2007 - 2017
Airline Code : 4Q : SFW
Genealogy : Nil tree
Comments : Safi Airways was established in 2006 & launched services in Nov2007 with flights between Kabul and Sharjah. Operations suspended by AfCAA following its failure to settle an outstanding tax bill. Restarted but ceased again Aug2017 (International and regional services out of Dubai International)
Aircraft : Nil at this time
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