The World's Airlines

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West Germany is the common name of a former republic of central Europe, bordered on the north by the North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea; on the east by the former East Germany and the Czech Republic; on the south by Austria and Switzerland; and on the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands. West Germany had an area of 248,577 sq km (95,976 sq mi). It was established officially as the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; German Bundesrepublik Deutschland) on May 23, 1949, as one of two successor states-East Germany (officially the German Democratic Republic, or GDR) being the other-to the nation of Germany after its defeat in World War II (1939-1945). West Germany ceased to exist in 1990 when it merged with East Germany into a single nation known as Germany (officially called the Federal Republic of Germany).

Latest updates

>renamed to - >>merged in or absorbed - +> assets taken over - =>> merger resulted in new airline

  dates are searchable using ddmmyyyy

September 18, 2015

Deutscher Helicopter Dienst Essen KG operated a variety of helicopter charter services, including crop-spraying around 1962 [added]

September 18, 2015

AdC (Air de Cologne): status changed to 'Renamed' as airline was acquired by TNT in 1988 (thanks Dick Stellweg ) update

Airline

Status Operating Dates

AdC (Air de Cologne)   

Renamed 1987* - 1988

^ Comments : SAS launched the Air de Cologne (AdC) concept, and one of Fred. Olsen's aircraft were painted in the black livery. AdC was sold to TNT

^ Genealogy : AdC (Air de Cologne) >TNT

Aerotour   

Inactive 1956 - 1958

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Air Bremen   

Inactive 1989 - 1990

^ Comments : Air Bremen was a Bremen based regional airline that went into receivership and ceased operating. Saab 340 operator

^ Genealogy :  

Air Commerz   

Inactive 1970 - 1973

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Air Lloyd   

Inactive 1961* - 1964

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Alfa Air   

Not started (1970s))

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

All-Air (Allegemeine Luftransport)   

Renamed 1965* - 1966

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy : >Transport Flug

Aquair   

Unsure 1983* - 1983*

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Atlantis Airways   

Inactive 1968 - 1972

^ Comments : Atlantis Airways was formed as Nordseeflug Sylter Lufttransport. Charter airline flying long-haul holiday charters using DC8-63 aircraft. Eventually ceased operatining.

^ Genealogy : >Atlantis Airways

Aviaction   

Inactive 1969 - 1973

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Aviation Hanseatiche Lufteederei   

Unsure 1970s

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Bavaria Flug   

Renamed 1957 - 1977

^ Comments : Munich based holiday charter company [BAVARIA-GERMANAIR began in 1965 as SUDWESTFLUG to operate inclusive-tour charter flights from Frankfurt to Mediterranian destinations using a single DC6. Renamed to GERMANAIR in 1968. Merged with BAVARIA FLUG, it's main competitor, in 1977 and was known as BAVARIA-GERMANAIR. Merged with HAPAG-LLOYD in 1979] [TUIfly was renamed from merger of HAPAGFLY and HAPAG-LLOYD EXPRESS after the TUI takeover. This in turn had been rebranded from HAPAG-LLOYD, which had merged with BAVARIA-GERMANAIR in 1979 and retained name]

^ Genealogy : SudwestFlug >Germanair + Bavaria Flug =>Bavaria-Germanair >>Hapag-Lloyd >Hapagfly + Hapag-Lloyd Express.=>TUIfly

Bavaria-Germanair   

Renamed 1977 - 1979

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy : SudwestFlug >Germanair + Bavaria Flug =>Bavaria-Germanair >>Hapag-Lloyd >Hapagfly + Hapag-Lloyd Express.=>TUIfly

Braunschweig Flug   

Renamed 1976* - 1976*

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy : Braunschweig Flug >Naske Air

Calair (TF Transportflug)   

Inactive 1970 - 1972

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy : TF Transportflug >Calair

Condor Luftfreederei  updated

Renamed 1957* - 1961

^ Comments : [Condor was founded on 21Dec1955 as Deutsche Flugdiens & scheduled flight operations were launched on 29Mar1956 with a pilgrimage flight to Israel. On 25Oct1961, Deutsche Flugdienst took over its rival Condor-Luftreederei (which had been founded in 1957 by the Hamburg-based Oetker concern), subsequently changing its name to Condor Flugdienst. Integrated SUDFLUG in in 1993. In 1998, Condor Berlin was founded as a wholly owned subsidiary with headquarters at Berlin Tegel Airport. It amalgamated with CONDOR BERLIN and renamed to as Thomas Cook powered by Condor on 01Mar2003. On 23Jan2004, Condor became part of Thomas Cook AG and returned to the Condor brand name]

^ Genealogy : Condor Luftfreederei >>Deutsche Flugdienst >Condor Flugdienst >Condor

Condor Sudflug  updated

Renamed 1955* - 1961

^ Comments : [Condor was founded on 21Dec1955 as Deutsche Flugdiens & scheduled flight operations were launched on 29Mar1956 with a pilgrimage flight to Israel. On 25Oct1961, Deutsche Flugdienst took over its rival Condor-Luftreederei (which had been founded in 1957 by the Hamburg-based Oetker concern), subsequently changing its name to Condor Flugdienst. Integrated SUDFLUG in in 1993. In 1998, Condor Berlin was founded as a wholly owned subsidiary with headquarters at Berlin Tegel Airport. It amalgamated with CONDOR BERLIN and renamed to as Thomas Cook powered by Condor on 01Mar2003. On 23Jan2004, Condor became part of Thomas Cook AG and returned to the Condor brand name]

^ Genealogy : >Condor Flugdienst >Condor

Contactair (Contact Air)   

Unsure 1978* - 1982*

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Deutsche Flugdienst   

Renamed 1956 - 1961

^ Comments : [Condor was founded on 21Dec1955 as Deutsche Flugdiens & scheduled flight operations were launched on 29Mar1956 with a pilgrimage flight to Israel. On 25Oct1961, Deutsche Flugdienst took over its rival Condor-Luftreederei (which had been founded in 1957 by the Hamburg-based Oetker concern), subsequently changing its name to Condor Flugdienst. Integrated SUDFLUG in in 1993. In 1998, Condor Berlin was founded as a wholly owned subsidiary with headquarters at Berlin Tegel Airport. It amalgamated with CONDOR BERLIN and renamed to as Thomas Cook powered by Condor on 01Mar2003. On 23Jan2004, Condor became part of Thomas Cook AG and returned to the Condor brand name]

^ Genealogy : Deutsche Flugdienst + Condor Luftfreederei =>Condor Flugdienst >Condor

Deutsche Lufthansa Aktiengesellschaft   

Renamed 1954 - 1955

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy : >Lufthansa

Deutsche Taxiflug   

Unsure 1961* - 1961*

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Deutscher Helicopter Dienst Essen   

Unsure 1962* - 1962*

^ Comments : Deutscher Helicopter Dienst Essen KG operates a variety of helicopter charter services, including crop-spraying

^ Genealogy :  

DFD (Deutsche Ferienflugdienste)   

Inactive 1989* - 1990

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

DFD (Deutscher Flug Dienst)   

Inactive 1981* - 1982

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

DLT (Deutsche Luftverkehrsgesellschaft)   

Renamed 1974 - 1992

^ Comments : Lufthansa CityLine was formed as OLT in 1958 first flew on17Jun1959, became OLT (Ostfriesische Luftransport) in 1970 and to DLT on 01Oct1974

^ Genealogy : OLT Ostfriesische Lufttaxi >OLT (Ostfriesische Lufttransport) >DLT >Lufthansa CityLine

EFS (Express Flug Service)   

Inactive 1973 - 1977

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Elbeflug   

Inactive 1970 - 1971

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

ESS Luftfahrtunternehmen   

Inactive 1985 - 1988

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Flugtransport   

Unsure 1963* - 1963*

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

General Air   

Inactive 1962 - 1975

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

General Air Luftverkehrsgesellschaft   

Inactive 1974 - 1975

^ Comments : General Air Luftverkehrsgesellschaft formed on 01Mar1974 to succeed General Air Nord. Ceased operations on 31Oct1975

^ Genealogy :  

General Air Nord   

Inactive 1972 - 1974*

^ Comments : General Air Nord was formed in May1972 to operate domestic services

^ Genealogy :  

German Cargo   

Renamed 1977 - 1992

^ Comments : Lufthansa became first airline in the world to divide it's passenger and cargo services forming German Cargo in 1977. It was renamed to Lufthansa Cargo in 1992

^ Genealogy : German Cargo >Lufthansa Cargo

Germanair   

Renamed 1968 - 1977

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy : SudwestFlug >Germanair + Bavaria Flug =>Bavaria-Germanair >>Hapag-Lloyd >Hapagfly + Hapag-Lloyd Express.=>TUIfly

Hadag Air   

Inactive 1974 - 1986

^ Comments : Hamburg Airlines had its origins in Hadag Air, founded in 1974 as an offspring of General Air. After a short spell as Holiday Express, Hadag Air became Hanse Express in 1986

^ Genealogy : Hadag General Air Seebaderflug >Hadag Air >Holiday Express >Hanse Express

Hadag General Air Seebaderflug   

Renamed 1974* - 1974

^ Comments : Hamburg Airlines had its origins in Hadag Air, founded in 1974 as an offspring of General Air. After a short spell as Holiday Express, Hadag Air became Hanse Express in 1986

^ Genealogy : Hadag General Air Seebaderflug >Hadag Air >Holiday Express >Hanse Express

Hapag-Lloyd Flugzeug   

Unsure 1953* - 1953*

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Hapag-Lloyd Flugzeug   

Unsure 1973 - 1974*

^ Comments : Hapag-Lloyd Flugzeug was founded on 29Jun1972

^ Genealogy :  

Hohenloher Flugdienst   

Unsure 1978* - 1979*

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Holiday Express   

Renamed 1986 - 1986

^ Comments : Hamburg Airlines had its origins in Hadag Air, founded in 1974 as an offspring of General Air. After a short spell as Holiday Express, Hadag Air became Hanse Express in 1986

^ Genealogy : Hadag General Air Seebaderflug >Hadag Air >Holiday Express >Hanse Express

Holstenflug  updated

Inactive 1966 - 1979

^ Comments : Holstenflug was formed in 1966

^ Genealogy :  

IFG Interregional Fluggesellschaft   

Inactive 1967* - 1974

^ Comments : IFG Interregional Fluggesellschaft was established in 1967. Ceased operations & went into liquidation on 24Jan1974

^ Genealogy :  

Intercondor (Inter Condor)   

Inactive 1990* - 1990*

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Interfly   

Inactive 1971* - 1971*

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Jetair   

Inactive 1982* - 1985

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

LTS (Lufttransport Sud)   

Renamed 1984 - 1988

^ Comments : LTU Sud was known as LTS (Lufttransport Sud) (formed in 1983) until 1988

^ Genealogy : LTS (Lufttransport Sud) >LTU Sud International Airways >>LTU International Airways >>airberlin

LuftAG (Aktiengesellschaft für Luftverkehrsbedarf)   

Renamed 1953* - 1954

^ Comments : Lufthansa was recreated on 06Jan1953 as Aktiengesellschaft für Luftverkehrsbedarf (Luftag) and was renamed Deutsche Lufthansa Aktiengesellschaft on 06Aug1954 [LUFTHANSA was originally founded in Berlin in 1926 as a consolidated German airline by the merger of DEUTSCHE AERO-LLOYD and JUNKERS LUFTVERKEHR. Acquired AUSTRIAN AIRLINES as a result of the German annexation of Austria in 1939. Went into liquidation as a result of WWII in 1945. In1953, LUFTAG was founded in Colgne and renamed to LUFTHANSA in 1954. This new German airline began operations in 1955]

^ Genealogy : >Lufthansa

Lufttaxi Osnabruck   

Unsure 1978* - 1979*

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Lufttransport-Union   

Renamed 1956 - 1956

^ Comments : Lufttransport-Union was founded on 20Feb1955 & started operations on 15Mar1955. Renamed to LTU International Airways & cmmenced operations on 02Mar1956. merged into airberlin on 01Apr2011

^ Genealogy : Lufttransport-Union >LTU International Airways >>airberlin

Luftverkehr Wilhelmshaven-Friesland Erich Passon   

Unsure 1978* - 1979*

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

NFD (Numberger Flugdienst)   

Renamed 1975* - 1994

^ Comments : NFD (Numberger Flugdienst) was founded in 1975. Eurowings was formed by the merger of NFD Luftverkehrs (founded 1975) and RFG Regionalflug (founded 1976) on 01Jan1994

^ Genealogy : NFD Luftverkehrs + RFG Regionalflug =>Eurowings

Nora Air Services   

Not started (1970s)

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Nordseeflug Sylter Lufttransport   

Renamed 1966* - 1968

^ Comments : Atlantis Airways was formed as Nordseeflug Sylter Lufttransport. Charter airline flying long-haul holiday charters using DC8-63 aircraft. Eventually ceased operatining.

^ Genealogy : >Atlantis Airways

OLT (Ostfriesische Lufttransport)   

Renamed 1970 - 1974

^ Comments : Lufthansa CityLine was formed as OLT on 01Nov1958. First flew on17Jun1959, became OLT (Ostfriesische Luftransport) in 1970 and to DLT on 01Oct1974

^ Genealogy : OLT Ostfriesische Lufttaxi >OLT (Ostfriesische Lufttransport) >DLT >Lufthansa CityLine

OLT Ostfriesische Lufttaxi   

Renamed 1959 - 1970

^ Comments : Lufthansa CityLine was formed as OLT in 1958 first flew on17Jun1959, became OLT (Ostfriesische Luftransport) in 1970 and to DLT on 01Oct1974

^ Genealogy : OLT Ostfriesische Lufttaxi >OLT (Ostfriesische Lufttransport) >DLT >Lufthansa CityLine

Panorama Flugdienst   

Renamed 1988* - 1988*

^ Comments : Panorama Flugdienst was founded in 1988

^ Genealogy : Panorama Flugdienst >Euro City Line

Pleuger Flugdienst   

Unsure 1978* - 1979*

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

Rheingau Air Service   

Unsure 1974* - 1979*

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

SAT Flug (Special Air Transport)   

Renamed 1978 - 1986

^ Comments : Germania was established in Apr1997 & operations started on 05Sep1978 as SAT Flug (Special Air Transport). Renamed on 01Jun1986

^ Genealogy : SAT Flug (Special Air Transport) >Germania

Süddeutsche Bedarfsflug  updated

Renamed 1953 - 1955

^ Comments : [Südflug International was one on the airport Stuttgart -based German charter airline and also the first West German airline that was founded after the Second World War. Südflug International was founded on 24Nov1952 by the former German fighter pilot and self-made entrepreneur Rul Bückle with an initial capital of 20,000 DM founded under the name Süddeutsche Bedarfsflug. In 1955, the airline received a German license plate. At about the same time, the company name was changed to Südflug - Süddeutsche Fluggesellschaft . Renamed again. this time to Südflug International. Condor Flugdienst took over the company on 02Jan1968 & fully integrated the company in in on 02Jan1969] [Condor was founded on 21Dec1955 as Deutsche Flugdiens & scheduled flight operations were launched on 29Mar1956 with a pilgrimage flight to Israel. On 25Oct1961, Deutsche Flugdienst took over its rival Condor-Luftreederei (which had been founded in 1957 by the Hamburg-based Oetker concern), subsequently changing its name to Condor Flugdienst. Integrated SUDFLUG in in 1993. In 1998, Condor Berlin was founded as a wholly owned subsidiary with headquarters at Berlin Tegel Airport. It amalgamated with CONDOR BERLIN and renamed to as Thomas Cook powered by Condor on 01Mar2003. On 23Jan2004, Condor became part of Thomas Cook AG and returned to the Condor brand name]

^ Genealogy : Süddeutsche Bedarfsflug >Südflug - Süddeutsche Fluggesellschaft >Südflug International >>>Condor Flugdienst

Südflug - Süddeutsche Fluggesellschaft  added

Renamed 1955 - 1967*

^ Comments : [Südflug International was one on the airport Stuttgart -based German charter airline and also the first West German airline that was founded after the Second World War. Südflug International was founded on 24Nov1952 by the former German fighter pilot and self-made entrepreneur Rul Bückle with an initial capital of 20,000 DM founded under the name Süddeutsche Bedarfsflug. In 1955, the airline received a German license plate. At about the same time, the company name was changed to Südflug - Süddeutsche Fluggesellschaft . Renamed again. this time to Südflug International. Condor Flugdienst took over the company on 02Jan1968 & fully integrated the company in in on 02Jan1969] [Condor was founded on 21Dec1955 as Deutsche Flugdiens & scheduled flight operations were launched on 29Mar1956 with a pilgrimage flight to Israel. On 25Oct1961, Deutsche Flugdienst took over its rival Condor-Luftreederei (which had been founded in 1957 by the Hamburg-based Oetker concern), subsequently changing its name to Condor Flugdienst. Integrated SUDFLUG in in 1993. In 1998, Condor Berlin was founded as a wholly owned subsidiary with headquarters at Berlin Tegel Airport. It amalgamated with CONDOR BERLIN and renamed to as Thomas Cook powered by Condor on 01Mar2003. On 23Jan2004, Condor became part of Thomas Cook AG and returned to the Condor brand name]

^ Genealogy : Süddeutsche Bedarfsflug >Südflug - Süddeutsche Fluggesellschaft <Südflug International >>Condor Flugdienst >Condor

Südflug International  updated

Inactive 1967* - 1968

^ Comments : Südflug International was one on the airport Stuttgart -based German charter airline and also the first West German airline that was founded after the Second World War. Südflug International was founded on 24Nov1952 by the former German fighter pilot and self-made entrepreneur Rul Bückle with an initial capital of 20,000 DM founded under the name Süddeutsche Bedarfsflug. In 1955, the airline received a German license plate. At about the same time, the company name was changed to Südflug - Süddeutsche Fluggesellschaft . Renamed again. this time to Südflug International. Condor Flugdienst took over the company on 02Jan1968 & fully integrated the company in in on 02Jan1969 [Condor was founded on 21Dec1955 as Deutsche Flugdiens & scheduled flight operations were launched on 29Mar1956 with a pilgrimage flight to Israel. On 25Oct1961, Deutsche Flugdienst took over its rival Condor-Luftreederei (which had been founded in 1957 by the Hamburg-based Oetker concern), subsequently changing its name to Condor Flugdienst. Integrated SUDFLUG in in 1993. In 1998, Condor Berlin was founded as a wholly owned subsidiary with headquarters at Berlin Tegel Airport. It amalgamated with CONDOR BERLIN and renamed to as Thomas Cook powered by Condor on 01Mar2003. On 23Jan2004, Condor became part of Thomas Cook AG and returned to the Condor brand name]

^ Genealogy : Süddeutsche Bedarfsflug >Südflug International >Condor Flugdienst >Condor

SudwestFlug (Sudwest Flug)   

Renamed 1965 - 1968

^ Comments : TUIfly was launced as SudwestFlug in 1965

^ Genealogy : SudwestFlug >Germanair + Bavaria Flug =>Bavaria-Germanair >>Hapag-Lloyd >Hapagfly + Hapag-Lloyd Express.=>TUIfly

Supair (Super International Airlines)   

Not started (1979*)

^ Comments : Supair was formed in 1979 by Dr. Mohammed Ziad Niam Al Kawadri, a Syrian-born attorney. The West German authorities refused to grant an operating license & so the airline never commenced operations

^ Genealogy :  

Tempelhof Airways USA   

Inactive 1981 - 1990

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

TF Transportflug   

Renamed 1965* - 1970

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy : TF Transportflug >Calair

Transport Flug (Transportflug)   

Inactive 1965 - 1970

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy : Transport Flug

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