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Azerbaijan, a nation with a Turkic and majority-Muslim population - regained its independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Despite a 1994 cease-fire, Azerbaijan has yet to resolve its conflict with Armenia over the Azerbaijani Nagorno-Karabakh enclave (largely Armenian populated). Azerbaijan has lost 16% of its territory and must support some 800,000 refugees and internally displaced persons as a result of the conflict. Located in south-western Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia, with a small European portion north of the Caucasus range.

Latest updates

>renamed to - >>merged in or absorbed - +> assets taken over - =>> merger resulted in new airline

  dates are searchable using ddmmyyyy

December 16, 2016 Buta Airways [added] is expected to launch in Autumn 2017 as the low-cost subsidiary of AZAL Azerbaijan Airlines
November 6, 2016 Silk Way East Airlines is start-up cargo carrier based at Baku Heydar Aliev International (GYD) [added]
October 12, 2016 AzalJet was founded on 15Mar2016 by Azerbaijan Airlines (AZAL) & commenced operations on 28Mar2016 [status change]

Airline

Operating Dates

[Not started]  Artsakh Air (Artsakhavia)   

(2011)

^ Comments : Artsakh Air planned to launch scheduled airline services from the recently rebuilt airport in Stepanakert to the Armenian capital, Yerevan, on 09May2011

^ Genealogy :  

[Inactive]  Avia Trend   

1998 - 1998

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

[Active]  Azal Avia Cargo   

1996* - date

^ Comments : Azal Avia Cargo was founded in 1996

^ Genealogy :  

[Inactive]  Azalagro Airline   

1998* - 1998

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

[Active]  AzalJet   

2016 - date

^ Comments : AzalJet was founded on 15Mar2016 by Azerbaijan Airlines (AZAL) & commenced operations on 28Mar2016

^ Genealogy :  

[Active]  Azerbaijan Airlines (AZAL)(Azerbaijan Hava Yollari)   

1992 - date

^ Comments : Azerbaijan Airlines (AZAL) traces its history back to the establishment of the Aeroflot Azerbaijan directorate in Baku in 1923 & was established on 07Aug1992

^ Genealogy : Aeroflot, Azerbaijan directorate >Azerbaijan Airlines

[Inactive]  Baku Express   

1997 - 1998

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

[Planned]  Buta Airways   

2017 >

^ Comments : Buta Airways is expected to launch in Autumn 2017 out of Baku Heydar Aliev International (GYD). It is the low-cost subsidiary of AZAL Azerbaijan Airlines

^ Genealogy :  

[Inactive]  ECT Avia   

1994* - 1997

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

[Inactive]  IMAIR Airlines   

1995 - 2009

^ Comments : IMAIR was established on 06Oct1994 and started operations in Jul1995 as Improtex. Ceased operations on 23Nov2009

^ Genealogy : Improtex >IMAIR

[Renamed]  Improtex   

1995 - 1995

^ Comments : IMAIR was established on 06Oct1994 and started operations in Jul1995 as Improtex. Ceased operations on 23Nov2009

^ Genealogy : Improtex >IMAIR

[Active]  Silk Way Airlines   

2001 - date

^ Comments : Silk Way Airlines was founded in 2001 and started commercial flights on 06Oct2001

^ Genealogy :  

[Planned]  Silk Way East Airlines   

2017 >

^ Comments : Silk Way East Airlines is start-up cargo carrier based at Baku Heydar Aliev International (GYD)

^ Genealogy :  

[Active]  Silk Way West Airlines   

2012 - date

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

[Unsure]  Sky Wind   

2002 - 2005*

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

[Active]  SW Business Aviation (Silk Way Business Aviation)   

2007 - date

^ Comments : SW Business Aviation was formed in 2007

^ Genealogy :  

[Inactive]  Turan Air   

1995 - 2013

^ Comments : Turan Air was founded in 1994 as an Azerbaijani-British joint venture. Operations started on 30Jun1995

^ Genealogy :  

[Active]  Vertir Airlines   

2009 - date

^ Comments :  

^ Genealogy :  

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